Recent research indicates that the level of intra-African trade is low relative to what is observed in other continents and relative to the potential of African economies. The AfCFTA is set to create a single continental market for goods and services to boost intra-Africa trade, economic growth and development. Also. The treaty outlines a reduction of tariff restrictions and of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) as well as a trade facilitation agreement (TFA). The AfCFTA will make vast improvements in catching intra-African trade up with the numbers of the rest of the world. Of that, only around one-tenth of Africa’s global trade total is intra-African commerce. Africa’s intraregional trade lies well below that of other regions. New barriers hinder African trade . The AfCFTA offers African countries the opportunity to advance their sustainable industrialization by creating a single and integrated continental market. 1 Intra-regional trade in sub-Saharan Africa 2 1.1 Theory and practice 2 1.2 Newer contributions to theory 3 1.3 Trends 3 1.4 Potential for intra-regional trade – structural analysis 12 2 The impact of non-tariff barriers on intra-regional trade 18 2.1 Types and potential trade impacts of non-tariff barrier 18 We believe that tackling barriers to intra-African trade can have disproportionate, positive effects on the poorest people. It also drastically increases the cost of transportation. The challenge of further opening national agriculture sectors is crucial, as intra-continental destinations account for 20 per cent of Africa’s agricultural exports,” the report says. The AfCFTA has come into force on 30 May 2019. “African governments will have to play a critical role in enforcing the removal of non-tariff barriers to intra-continental trade. The continent's weak regional trade performance has been ascribed to factors ranging from limited supply capacities and multiple non-convertible national currencies to high trade barriers and infrastructural bottlenecks. A recent report examines constraints on intra- and extra-African trade in agricultural goods ... of non-tariff barriers and behind-the-border barriers. Africa’s share of world trade is small, and Africa trades surprisingly little with itself. Since then, many Member States have also ratified the Agreement. But seizing this opportunity requires the removal of barriers to intra-regional trade and investment in … This effort will push Africa into a competitive spot in the global economy. Health standards in rich countries limit continent’s ability to export . 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